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The use of hemp seed originates in Asia, with the first documented reports of hemp’s existence dating back over thousands of years to Old China. The Indian writings, which are some of the oldest documents in the world, praise hemp as a powerful resource which could do anything from provide good health, to opening the path to the Gods. It is said that Buddha ate one seed per day during his six degrees of self-denial, which led him to enlightenment. It is assumed that cannabis was the first grown crop in the old Japanese culture of Jōmon, circa 5600 BC. Archaeological findings suggest that hemp seeds in Europe and China were stored along with barley and oats as grains. The first historian of the world, Herodotus, recorded use of cannabis in flax-processing workshops in ancient Scythia. This was later confirmed when hemp seeds were discovered in Scythian Tractemino in approximately 800 BC. In addition, the state banquet of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty shows us that cooked hemp seeds were often added to food. The Li Ching, or Book of Rites, described hemp as one of the “five grains” of China, the “land of mulberry and hemp,” along with barley, rice, wheat and soybeans, which have been recognized as an important part of the emperor’s diet. Mentions of hemp can also be found in ancient Sanskrit manuscripts, where the hemp seed is called the food of the gods and the source of life. In Nepal, the oil from locally grown and pressed hemp seeds was the only source of domestic edible oil. Nomadic tribes such as the Altay people of ancient Russia grew hemp as a source of food and oil. Several hundred years later, Christopher Columbus brought hemp seeds to the Native Americans. The great 16th century French writer and humanist Jean Francois Rabelais also mentioned cannabis in his writings, calling it the “vegetable queen of the world” and citing that it was used it many meals around the world. Throughout the history of mankind, cannabis has been utilized in cooking in many cultures around the world. Nevertheless, just one lie claiming it had harmful effects was enough to make the whole story collapse like a house of cards. The destruction of the positive reputation of cannabis began in 1937, when the private interests of the timber company owners and newspaper magnates with eminent interest in the paper industry caused them to spread harmful rumours about the plant. Because cannabis provided more pulp for paper than wood, the dirty war between the commercial interests of the individuals and common sense began. A damning mass campaign was launched, which continues to affect millions of people to this day. Although cannabis has had a long history of success, this propaganda caused it to become prohibited. Its usage as food, fibre, paper, fuel and medicine was suddenly ignored – now the world knew it only as marijuana – an aggressive drug. Presently, the cultivation of hemp seeds is strictly controlled, but the time has come for hemp to make a return and become a part of our everyday life.